Insulin Dependent Diabetes

Insulin Bubble

Insulin Bubble

Insulin Dependent Diabetes, or Type 1 Diabetes as is it commonly known, is a medical condition which often starts at a very early age affecting your children or teenagers, although the onset of insulin dependent diabetes can also occur later in adults. The main problems associated with insulin dependent diabetes is;

  • the pancreas does not produce sufficient insulin
  • there is a possibility that this is because of autoimmune damage to the pancreas
  • survival depends on insulin treatment

To be honest, the cause of insulin dependent diabetes is not really known, but researchers are working very hard to find out. Evidence suggests that it is due to an autoimmune process which may be triggered to an event which remains undiscovered at this time.

Symptoms of Insulin Dependent Diabetes

Without the production of insulin, the blood glucose levels rise in the bloodstream giving diabetes symptoms of an increased thirst, drinking lots of water and lots of urination. There is also an increased hunger yet weight loss, the lack of insulin means that glucose cannot be taken to the cells and fuel the body. At the onset of Insulin Dependent Diabetes, before the patient has had treatment it is common for blood glucose levels to go extremely high causing diabetic ketoacidosis. This is due to extremely high sugar levels and acidosis in the bloodstream leading to;

  • the person becoming very unwell
  • suffering sever dehydration
  • blood chemistry problems
  • even losing consciousness
  • seizures may occur
  • unless treated very quickly the patient may fall into a coma

Insulin Dependent Diabetes Treatment

In case you haven’t noticed already, the treatment for insulin dependent diabetes is . . . insulin, although a healthy lifestyle is also very important. It’s important that the patient monitors their own diabetes at home using a glucose meter, as well as having regular blood tests with a doctor and specialist treatment.

If insulin dependent diabetes is not treated then the patient may fall into a coma and even die. If the diabetes is treated but not properly, then these other complications may be noticed;

Short term complications of insulin dependent diabetes

  • diabetic symptoms such as an increased thirst, lots of drinking and excessive urination
  • diabetic ketoacidosis leading to seizures and even coma
  • increased risk of infections due to the fact that the immune system can’t work too well when blood sugars are poorly controlled
  • side effects of the insulin treatment like hypoglycemic episodes, which really means that the blood sugar levels are way too low

Long term complications of Insulin Dependent Diabetes

  • eye problems including cataracts, problems of the retina and eventual loss of vision
  • impotence
  • heart disease including heart attacks, angina and heart failure
  • neuropathy including symptoms like numbness and pins and needles, especially in the hands and feet
  • kidney damage leading to possible kidney failure
  • leg pains and gangrene
  • infections, particularly due to the lack of feeling in the hands and feet – not knowing that you’ve injured or cut yourself, plus poor circulation can lead to real infection problems

As you may have noticed, Insulin Dependent Diabetes might not be the most common type of diabetes, but without the proper treatment and control it can have an effect on almost every part of the body.

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